Abstract 15:68-81

Żurkowska, Dorota (2014) From a creative individual to a homo empathicus— empathy as mechanism of social control in the context of selected typologies of social personalities. "Normy, Dewiacje i Kontrola Społeczna" 15: 68-81.

 

Abstract:

The paper intends to discuss empathy in the context of social control mechanisms, understood as efforts undertaken by the society (e.g. by legal or moral systems) in order to shape the character and identity of an individual so that social order and viability of social institutions be ensured. It includes the analysis of two social personality typologies, developed in the first half of the 20th century by Znaniecki and W.I. Thomas (with the special focus on the functioning of the creative individual), and by Riesman (mainly the personality subject to external influences). Additionally, the said typologies are compared with ideas presented by J. Rifkin in his book published in 2010, where the human being is described as “homo empathicus”.

 

Keywords:

empathy, social control, social personality, typology of social personalities