Abstract 29:7-34

Kudlak, Grzegorz (2016) Personality factors and the effectiveness of addiction therapy in prison for three personality types. „Profilaktyka Społeczna i Resocjalizacja” 29: 7-34.


Considering a growing number of Polish prisoners addicted to psychoactive substance, the need exists for adequate therapeutic interactions to target this specific group of patients. Previous studies suggests that to be effective such treatment must be adapted to prison conditions and tailored to specific needs and personality profiles of inmates. Our research focused on selected aspects of prisoners’ personality structure before and after addiction therapy in prison conditions. The results have revealed positive changes in a number of personality features, abilities and needs under observation, which may testify to the positive therapeutic effect. Additionally, inmate population has been split into three group, according to three personality types (RUO). The analysis shows that positive change has occurred only among the overcontrolled and the undercontrolled, while no change has been recorded among the resilient. The findings prove that there may exist a significant correlation between personality types as classified here and the change induced in inmates by therapeutic process, and that personality may have an impact on the effectiveness of addiction therapy in prison conditions. 


Personality type, RUO types, addiction therapy, prison, psychoactive substances